Psychology, Memory Retention

Tapping into Memories with Music

Using music as memory cues to improve recollection

By Dan
October 18, 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

You have a dream vacation coming up. A visit to a new winery. A new country. Maybe a staycation. One thing is certain—you want to enjoy it as much as you can. And you definitely want to remember that experience for as long as possible.

Photos, of course, are obligatory. They serve as wonderful reminders—external ones—of enjoyable times had. But capturing photos is sometimes at the expense of living in the moment and being fully immersed in what’s happening.

Fortunately, there are deeper, internal reminders that we carry with us 24/7: our memories. But our memories are not always as readily available as we might like, especially as we get older. But there’s a tool we can deploy to help us—music.

Memory Cues: What the Science Says

Strong evidence suggests that nearly everything we experience is stored in our long-term memory in some form. Often the connections to those memories are broken, which is what happens. 

But those memories aren’t lost forever---according to cognitive scientists; they’re just inaccessible. We can use cues to trigger dormant memories.

Memory cues are any stimulus—external or internal—that prompt our minds to recall a particular memory. A song. A scent. The feel of a treasured memento in one’s hands. In addition to stimulating mental and emotional responses, memory cues can even prompt physiological changes in our bodies by subconsciously triggering a myriad of associations stored deep in our minds. These associations are built from past experiences — and help us to interpret our current ones. Music is also a type of memory cue. 

It gets interesting when we consciously use memory cues in the present to help us remember in the future.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Connection Between Songs and Memories

We all have a particular song that immediately transports us back to a place, time, person, or event that holds special meaning. It isn’t just one or two songs that can trigger memories; it’s many.

In a 2009 study, Dr. Janata from UC Davis played random songs from the Top 100 charts when his subjects were 8 to 18 years old. Of the songs that subjects recognized, more than a whopping 75% were associated with a specific memory the subjects had. This effect occurs through the medial prefrontal cortex of your brain, which retrieves memories and links music, memory, and emotion. This evidence suggests that songs truly are foundational memory cues.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Your Music, Your Memory, Your Joy

Furthermore, it has been found that the memories triggered by music are more likely to be happy ones. In a 2013 study, Baird and Samson from the University of Newcastle in Australia found that most of our memories triggered by music are positive, not negative. And, even more interesting, the triggered memories were of an individual person or group of people, not of places or events. In other words, using music as a memory cue helps us reconnect ourselves with our past.

Now, the Good Bit

We can consciously use music and songs every day of our lives to enhance our ability to remember and enjoy our experiences in the future. You can try this simple technique by taking a new album and listening to it repeatedly during your next trip. Subconsciously, your brain will build associations between the music and the unique experiences you’re having on your trip. When you play that album again, long after your shared adventure, the memories, thoughts, and emotions felt during that trip will come flooding back—to be enjoyed more intensely and joyfully than ever before.

This technique doesn’t have to be limited to vacations---you can do it at any time, whether you’re trying to remember a special moment or attempting to retain important information you just learned. Be mindful about creating future memories by consciously selecting the music you play each day as an ambient background to whatever you are doing.

Try this yourself! Log into My Stories Matter free and capture the memories that resurface when you try our music memory cues!

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